Iraq War Fund: America’s Values
Iraq War, 2003-2011. U.S. troops deployed in Iraq to not only defend America, but to display its values in a desolate land. To complete their missions, American service members had to travel roads filled with bombs. Discarded tires, piles of trash, and mounds of dirt lined Iraqi roads, hiding explosives that would blow at a flinch.[i] Thousands of American troops were killed or injured traveling these roads while doing their jobs.[ii] This roadside warfare was a strategy executed by barbaric, cowardly terrorists, but directed by Iran.[iii] MM-LAW, LLC is investigating the details of Iran’s involvement and taking legal action.
Throughout the Iraq War, the media, public officials, and military commanders reported that Iran was manufacturing the most dangerous improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and explosively-formed penetrators (EFPs) used to attack Americans.[iv] The world knew that Iran was also providing material support, training, and funding to Iraqi terrorist groups.[v] Iran’s operation was clear: kill Americans, destabilize Iraq, and undermine America’s mission. Evidence has since emerged that Iran’s terrorism against Americans was part of a larger conspiracy—one financed by foreign banks with hundreds of millions of U.S. dollars.[vi]
These foreign banks knowingly violated U.S. and international laws by bankrolling Iran during the Iraq War, empowering Iran to manufacture roadside bombs, fund Iraqi terrorists, and kill over 1,000 Americans.[vii] Several of these foreign banks have admitted to the U.S. Department of Justice that they intentionally concealed criminal financial transactions with Iran. But the banks escaped prosecution by paying fines.[viii] They have avoided any lasting consequences of the damage to Iraq and its citizens, the harm caused to American soldiers and their families, and the conspiracy to undermine America’s mission in the Middle East.
Now, American service members, veterans, and their families are taking legal action under U.S. law to hold these banks accountable, to stop organizations from supporting terrorist states, and to continue the mission of advancing America’s values. The Anti-Terrorism Act allows Americans harmed by acts of terrorism to hold supporters of the terrorism accountable.[ix] Organizations are guilty of being in a conspiracy to violate the Anti-Terrorism Act if they “shared some knowledge of the conspiracy’s unlawful aims and objectives.”[x] In this case, the foreign banks violated the Anti-Terrorism Act by conspiring to provide illegal financing to Iran, a publicly-known “State Sponsor of Terrorism,” while knowing that the money would be used in preparation for, or in carrying out, international terrorism.
In this Anti-Terrorism Litigation, U.S. veterans, service members, and family members of veterans who were injured, disabled, or killed in the Iraq War by IEDs, EFPs, or other Iranian-sponsored terrorism are eligible to enforce their legal rights. Thousands of U.S. veterans and service members were harmed by Iranian-sponsored terrorism. MM-LAW, LLC is helping these veterans, service members, and military families take legal action against the foreign banks and ensure that America’s values endure.
[i] See B. Bailey & R. Immerman, eds., Understanding the U.S. Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, 182-83 (2015).
[ii] Weisgerber, Marcus. “How Many US Troops Were Killed By Iranian IEDs in Iraq?,” Sept. 8, 2015, available at http://www.defenseone.com/news/2015/09/how-many-us-troops-were-killed-iranian-ieds-iraq/120524/.
[iii] Gordan, Michael, “Deadliest Bomb in Iraq Is Made by Iran, U.S. Says,” New York Times, Feb. 10, 2007, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/10/world/middleeast/10weapons.html; “Scarborough, Rowan, “Iran responsible for deaths of 500 American service members in Iraq,” The Washington Times, Sept. 13, 2015, available at http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/sep/13/iran-responsible-for-deaths-of-500-us-service-memb/.
[iv] Transcript, President Bush Addresses Nation on Iraq War, President George W. Bush, Jan. 10, 2007, available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/10/AR2007011002208.html; see e.g., Gordan, Michael, “Deadliest Bomb in Iraq Is Made by Iran, U.S. Says,” New York Times, Feb. 10, 2007, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/10/world/middleeast/10weapons.html.
[v] Gordan, Michael and Shane, Scott, “U.S. Long Worried That Iran Supplied Arms in Iraq,” New York Times, March 27, 2007, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/27/world/middleeast/27weapons.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0; Iranian Strategy in Iraq: Politics and ‘Other Means’ Joseph Felter and Brian Fishman, Combating Terrorism Center, West Point, 2008 – See Annex B, which contains Ba`ath-era intelligence documents; Testimony by William J. Burns, Undersecretary for Political Affairs, Department of State before U.S. Senate Foreign Affairs Committee, 9 July 2008
[vi] See Pogach, Shari, “Foreign Banks Pay Hefty Price for Violating U.S. Economic Sanctions; July BSA Blast and New BSA Quiz,” The NAFCU Compliance Blog, July 16, 2014, available at http://nafcucomplianceblog.typepad.com/nafcu_weblog/2014/07/foreign-banks-pay-hefty-price-for-violating-us-economic-sanctions-july-bsa-blast-and-new-bsa-quiz.html.
[vii] March 2015 Report, Killing Americans and their Allies: Iran’s Continuing War against the U.S. and the West, Colonel (ret.) Richard Kemp & Major (ret.) Chris Driver-Williams. http://jcpa.org/killing-americans-allies-irans-war/
[viii] See Pogach, Shari, “Foreign Banks Pay Hefty Price for Violating U.S. Economic Sanctions; July BSA Blast and New BSA Quiz,” The NAFCU Compliance Blog, July 16, 2014, available at http://nafcucomplianceblog.typepad.com/nafcu_weblog/2014/07/foreign-banks-pay-hefty-price-for-violating-us-economic-sanctions-july-bsa-blast-and-new-bsa-quiz.html.
[ix] 18 U.S. Code § 2333.
[x] U.S. v. Gordon, 987 F.2d 902 (1993).